Guest post by Gallup Senior Editor Lydia Saad
The most surprising thing about the Conference Board's Consumer Confidence Index released Tuesday is that it came as a surprise to people who are supposed to be experts at following it.
As reported on Bloomberg.com: "The Conference Board's Index increased to 56 from a revised 40.9 reading in October, the biggest monthly gain since April 2003, figures from the New York-based private research group showed today. The gauge, at a four-month high, exceeded the most-optimistic forecast in a Bloomberg News survey of economists."
Consumer attitudes about the economy have been slowly recovering since bottoming out in August. This has been seen consistently on Gallup's daily and weekly reports of Economic Confidence (see links to Gallup stories below), as well as in the Reuters/University of Michigan mid-month and final monthly Consumer Sentiment Index reports.
The Conference Board's Consumer Confidence Index normally tracks very closely with Gallup and Reuters/Michigan. In fact, its November index figure is in line with the magnitude of changes since August in both the Gallup and Reuters/Michigan indexes. The Conference Board's November result is only remarkable because of the decline that index posted in October. That is what made this month's return to an otherwise "normal" level of confidence appear so dramatic.
The Conference Board and Reuters/Michigan indexes can have tremendous influence on U.S. equity values -- particularly on the days the indexes are released -- because the market views them as meaningful barometers of consumers' willingness to spend. However, a lot of emphasis is being placed on the shoulders of indexes that are each based on a single monthly sample of Americans.
Both the Conference Board and the Reuters/Michigan indexes have been around for decades, and for much of that time had an exclusive claim on consumer confidence-type data. But this is not 1970. In 2011 multiple consumer indexes are available, all largely tracking the same underlying public attitudes about the nation's economy.
Economists and others who follow the Conference Board and Reuters/Michigan closely must view these monthly reports in the context of all of the available confidence data, particularly Gallup's. Had the economists surveyed by Bloomberg done that, they could have easily forecast that the Conference Board was due for an upward correction and then some, after its aberrantly low October result. In fact, the median projection issued by the 70 economists polled -- 44 -- suggests a lack of awareness of all available data that could help understand trends in consumer confidence.
"The median projection in the Bloomberg survey called for a confidence reading of 44. Estimates of 70 economists ranged from 37 to 49.6."
Over the past month, Gallup has been telling a consistent story of modestly improved consumer attitudes, both in terms of their confidence in the economy, and in their spending.
- On Nov. 8, Gallup reported that U.S. Economic Confidence was "weak but steady above recent lows."
- On Nov. 15, Gallup reported that Americans' Christmas spending intentions were up 7% over a year ago.
- On Nov. 22, Gallup reported that upper-income Americans' Economic Confidence had improved prior to the supercommittee stalemate.
- On Nov. 28, Gallup reported that Americans' self-reported average daily spending over the Black Friday weekend was up slightly compared to a year ago.
All of this appears to be borne out by the healthy increases in Black Friday and Thanksgiving weekend retail sales as reported by ShopperTrak and the National Retail Federation. That information was in the news on Monday and helped send the Dow Jones Industrial Average up nearly 300 points by the close of trading. Whether the Conference Board's report on Tuesday warrants further increases on Wall Street is debatable.
According to Gallup Daily tracking, Americans' economic confidence at the end of November is barely higher than it was at the beginning of the month, following the more significant gains seen between October and the start of November. However, Conference Board reports can alter reality. If Wall Street remains bullish because it believes consumer confidence is now improving, consumer attitudes could follow suit.
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Daily: Employment, Economic Confidence and Job Creation, Consumer Spending
Weekly: Employment, Economic Confidence, Job Creation, Consumer Spending
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